Walking the Talk of Inclusivity: Prohibitive Costs of Bioethics & Humanities Conferences

 

Prof. Saba Fatima

 

Editor’s Note: This guest post comes to us from philosopher Saba Fatima, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Director of Religious Studies at Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville. 

 

Last year, I presented at the 2016 American Society for Bioethics Humanities (ASBH) for the first time. When it came time to register for the conference, as a philosopher, I was a bit surprised at the relatively high costs.

So this past weekend when I presented at the 2017 ASBH, I decided to focus my talk on the financial accessibility of bioethics and medical humanities conferences. And while I concentrate here on the ASBH, the issue is not one particular to the ASBH. Other bioethics conferences are often equally as expensive.

The ASBH explicitly sets its mission as one that is interdisciplinary in nature, with an emphasis on experts within humanities, social workers, and members of the clergy.

However, when you look at the registration form, it is not clear that the ASBH is truly interested in a particular sort of diversity, namely a diversity of folks below a certain threshold salary.

This image of the registration form for ASBH 2017 shows that ASBH members pay $400 for registration, Nonmembers pay $700, and Students pay $95. While ASBH membership has a sliding scale for income brackets so that dues cost less for lower income folks, the conference registration fees are not on a sliding scale except that students pay dramatically less than others. Note that any patients or advocates would pay the same fee as people in the medical humanities who pay the same fee as all medical professionals.

This image shows the registration form for ASBH 2017. Note that any patients or advocates would pay the same fee as people in the medical humanities who pay the same fee as all medical professionals.

 

Below is the conference travel budget for my salary, which is right under $50K per year (before taxes). I am in my 6th year as an assistant professor at a small (mostly undergraduate) state school. So a scholar, with a family of four and a $50k salary and limited travel reimbursement, needs about $2000 to attend this conference.

This chart shows a budget for a person earning salary in the $35k-65k range. This is typical for an early- or mid-career humanities professor. Registration: $505. Mileage estimate: $278.20. Lodging: $867.98. Per diem for 5 days: $160. Parking: $52. TOTAL: $1862.98.

Actual budget for ASBH 2017 for a person earning $35k-65k, typical for an early-to-mid-career humanities scholar. Note that the faculty member is taking their own car, and so is applying for reimbursement for mileage but is not applying for airfare.

 

For physicians and other clinicians, the cost is much higher, as it would include CME credits and a higher membership fee (the membership fee is on sliding scale).

Many clinicians get reimbursements from their hospitals for their CMEs. And the ASBH costs pale in comparison to other CME conferences. Oftentimes, the CME brochures advertise the conferences as vacation spots, for e.g. conference locations in the Hawaii islands, San Diego beach, or Orlando, Florida, and even, actual cruise lines.

This image shows a cruise ship traveling through blue waters. The text reads "Essential Topics in Primary Care 7-Night Hawaii Cruise Conference. Round-trip Honolulu, Oaha. October 14-21, 2017. $895 for Physicians, Attorneys, Psychologists, Doctors of Pharmacy & Dentists. $695 for Physician Assistants, Nurse Practitioners. $495 Nurses & Others. PLUS the cost of the cruise, airfare, etc."

Advertising image for a Continuing Medical Education session held on a cruise ship. Note that this is the sort of conference to which providers may be accustomed. Not also that this does have a sliding scale based on occupation as a kind of proxy for likely income.

 

On the other hand, professors within humanities, in particular junior academics, have a very limited yearly travel budget allocation that inevitably restricts their access to such expensive conferences. This, of course, does not even take into account graduate students, lecturers, and adjunct faculty in humanities departments, who generally have a non-existent travel budget.

In addition, as  Pamela L. Gay (Director of Technology and Citizen Science at the Astronomical Society of the Pacific) has noted, “…even those with conference travel budgets are actually providing uncompensated loans to their institutions in the many weeks of waiting for reimbursement.”

I have seen this discussion on bioethics conference costs take place on social media. Here are a few of those Facebook posts over the years that show discontent among bioethicist situated within philosophy departments.

Here is one from 2013 (CBS is the Canadian Bioethics Society) in which the poster notes that both CBS and ASBH have very high fees referred to as “stupidly cost-prohibitive.”

And here is one Facebook post that points out that despite internal mumblings amongst humanities bioethicists, nothing ever comes of this issue.

In one such conversation, someone points that the ASBH is expensive because it caters to such a diverse group of people.

But the original poster responds back that one massive flaw of this is that it specifically keeps out a very large segment, mainly philosophers and other humanities folks who don’t have large travel budget allowances.

And lastly, I present to you this post, where the bioethicist decides to stop attending the ASBH, in part, because of ASBH’s fiscally exclusionary practices.

Furthermore, the ASBH does not stack up well in comparison to other national humanities conferences.

For non-members, APA, and AHA are both in the $250 range, AAR is $495 relative to ASBH's $700. But for members, each of these is between $120 and $175; for ASBH, it is $400 for members.

This chart compares fees for APA, AAR, AHA and ASBH.

 

One thing worth noting is that while the membership fees for all of these conferences is sliding scale and more or less comparable, the registration for ASBH is considerably more. And unlike other conferences, the registration for the ASBH is *not on a sliding scale. So a high earner (for e.g. a physician earning +200k) would pay the same registration fee as someone earning around a 50k salary (i.e. the ASBH registration fee of $400).

I looked a bit more closely at the ASBH and the American Philosophical Association (APA) (mostly because I am an APA member as well). The APA has comparable attendance and accommodation to the ASBH. The biggest difference I have noticed, in terms of services provided at the two conferences is that at the APA, one has to request the AV equipment much in advance, while it is provided as a default in each room at the ASBH.

ASBH • ASBH +1200 attendees • Major cities & Airports with local attractions • Large enough meetings spaces for multiple simultaneous sessions • Accommodating a diversity of participants and compiling with ADA regulations. APA • APA Eastern Division +1,400 attendees • Major cities & Airports with local attractions • Large enough meetings spaces for multiple simultaneous sessions • Accommodating a diversity of participants and compiling with ADA regulations

Matthew McKay, Director of student life and diversity at SUNY Adirondack, makes the argument the “very nature of a national conference exudes economic privilege.”  That is to say, the very enterprise of academic conferences is exclusionary. I do not argue this claim here because I do recognize that intellectual exchange through conferences may be effective and necessary to the growth of the medical profession.

However, it is undeniable that that to much extent, participation in conferences will always be dictated by economic privilege. Nevertheless, when compared to other national humanities conferences, it becomes clear that bioethics conferences such as the ASBH should be especially mindful, precisely because the purpose of the conference is to bring marginalized ethical concerns to front and high conference costs ensure that a vulnerable segment of bioethicists cannot be reasonably expected to attend.

Some of the audience suggestions that came up during the discussion section of my presentation included:

  • Having a sliding scale registration fee, with at least one more salary breaking point between 35k and 65K
  • Have a fund that supports travel and lodging for graduate students.
  • Bring down or eliminate some of the overhead costs associated with hosting management company.

If these financial concerns are not taken seriously, then it would appear that bioethics & medical humanities conferences give the promise of diversity and inclusion, while simultaneously, by design, excluding a large percentage of the population. This is quite dangerous because it makes us complacent as one might fall under the false impression that the bioethics profession is doing enough towards being inclusive, when it clearly can do more.

I end here with a 2014 post:

Share Button

Comments

Walking the Talk of Inclusivity: Prohibitive Costs of Bioethics & Humanities Conferences — 5 Comments

  1. There are many good points in this essay worth considering. While I rotated off the ASBH Board years ago and don’t speak for ASBH, I can provide some context, esp. regarding how ASBH is at a bit of a disadvantage relative to an organization such as APA. For instance, ASBH is very small with a membership that hovers at 1700 – 1800 members. That’s a fraction of the APA size and means fixed costs must be shared more narrowly and also that its annual meeting is much smaller than APA Eastern. The attractiveness of a meeting to a hotel is based on number of “sleeping rooms” the organization will guarantee. The ASBH’s number is pretty low, especially relative to the number of meeting rooms it seeks (It maximizes presentations as many academics can’t get reimbursed unless they present). Thus, ASBH has a hard time getting a large discount from a hotel as many other societies do. One might find a comparison to APA Central more fitting in terms of size. However, because the ASBH has only one meeting and rotates around the country, it can’t reap the benefits (i.e., discounts) of a long-term contract with a single hotel that the APA Central does with the Palmer House. So, while there may still be things that can be done, there are some things beyond the control of the ASBH Board in bringing down costs. For this reason, the ASBH used to encourage academic institutions to hold a Spring meeting on university campuses that would be much cheaper. But, there were not enough interested institutions to keep it going.

  2. Laura Guidry-Grimes (Assistant Professor of Medical Humanities at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; Clinical Ethicist at UAMS at Arkansas Children’s Hospital) has asked us to post this comment on her behalf due to technical problems.
    ————–
    Fwiw, the expense of ASBH is extra extra problematic for those who want to be in clinical ethics consultation in this country. ASBH is basically our professional organization, so it’s expected that you’re a member, attend conferences and the affinity groups, network, and participate in the professionalization process. ASBH is really the only place to do those things at the level you need to if you want to be in this field. Given how ASBH wants to establish professionalization standards for us, we REALLY don’t want it to be exclusionary. We need professionalization standards that make sense and have input from *representative* CECs, not just those at academic institutions that give lots of funding for conferences. (I’m working on some projects along these lines and would be happy to talk about them offline if desired.)

  3. The “H” (Humanities) side of the organization has been saying much of the same for years. The cost of the annual meeting is prohibitive especially for our colleagues who teach the medical/health humanities to undergraduate and graduate students in both private and public institutions. Thus, the program at the annual meeting often lacks representation of new theoretical approaches in our field as well as the scholarly rigor and creativity we find at other conferences and meetings.

    In order to provide opportunities for more diversity and inclusiveness, we have organized the Health Humanities Consortium and are planning our fourth spring meeting in April 2018 at Stanford School of Medicine. The HHC is also committed to affordability and supporting students.

  4. I really appreciate this focus on socio-economic access to ASBH and other meetings. I ask you to be more critical about access. You note that the ASBH and APA accommodate diverse participants and are ADA compliant. “ADA compliance” means conferences being located in cities where there isn’t accessible transportation to the conference hotel, or disabled people arriving at hotels to find ADA rooms used for hotel storage (true story), or confusion about types of access (a room for a blind person assigned to wheelchair user). It also means wheelchair users presenting from the floor while other panelists are on a raised platform, after struggling to reach the front of the room through narrow aisles, etc. All this because disability access is not on the agenda. (Just google “disability access events” to learn more about basic measures for inclusion, most of which involve setting priorities and agendas, not additional costs.) This is true of many conferences I attend, but some (like the MLA) do a better job than others. And if “diversity of participants” includes other marginalized groups, that too would I think be challenged by many. These issues are intimately tied to the socio-economic ones that you so rightly call out. The concerns of minorities and women need to be delberately built into organizational structures and conference agendas, as well as addressed through attendance.

  5. To complement the argument e in this post, I would add another perspective. I am engaged in the public humanities. Although I am a former faculty member at UCLA and Reed College, I currently have no regular institutional affiliation. That means I pay out-of-pocket for registration and travel for every conference I attend, including those in which I present. I believe that the public component to health humanities is vital, because if we aren’t engaging the public then we are not meeting the goals of health humanities. But no conference that I attend seems to take into consideration the value of this perspective and the importance of recognizing the burden of conference costs to those of us who are not working in academia or within medical provider systems.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *